Born in Barnsley, Sykes was the son of a miner and left school with no qualifications. He had various manual jobs before setting up a business at the age of 18 to dismantle old buses and sell the engines as scrap to developing countries in the Far East. He later moved into property development and built the Meadowhall shopping complex in Sheffield.
His internet firm Planet Online was for a time Britain's largest internet service provider. In 1998 Sykes sold it for £85 million to Energis. In 2004, his wealth was estimated at some £650 million.
After treatment for the disease at the hospital in 2000, he funded the construction of a specialist prostate cancer unit at St James's University Hospital, Leeds. Sykes also donated over £1m to the restoration of the Royal Hall in Harrogate. He funded Sir Ranulph Fiennes' expeditions on the Eiger for the British Heart Foundation, and the Everest Challenge for Marie Curie Cancer Care.
Mr Tordoff said: “I started buying second-hand cars, repairing them and cleaning them. It grew and grew. You’ve got to have a bit of luck. I really put everything into it and I’ve enjoyed every minute of it.”
The company was established in 1946 as Tordoff Motors, with one showroom that housed Standard and Triumph vehicles. Founded Jack Tordoff, a successful rally driver in the 1960s and 70s and winning the Circuit of Ireland Rally in 1973, built the business over 44 years before his son and current CEO, John Tordoff, took over in 2002. The elder Tordoff remains chairman.
The JCT600 company name came from the personal number plate of a Mercedes-Benz 600 that Jack Tordoff owned.
He was born in Bradford, and was brought up by five elder sisters. Whilst at Bradford Grammar School, Morrison worked in the family provisions business in the school holidays. He was given jobs such as working on the market stalls or checking eggs against lamps for defects. By 1956 he was the Chairman and Managing Director of a small group of shops, the embryo of what was to become a formidable retail presence, a household name throughout the UK and the largest public company headquartered in Yorkshire.
Whilst the family business was named after his father, Morrisons' head office "Hilmore House" is named after his mother. The original Hilmore House was located in Thornton Road, but moved to larger premises at Gain Lane as a result of the takeover of Safeway.
In June 2006, Ken Morrison announced that he would relinquish executive control of the company, which came into effect from 4 September, making way for the appointment of Dutchman Marc Bolland as chief executive. He announced that it was his intention to stand down as the chairman and director of the company in January 2008, and take the honorary post of Life President. He eventually stood down on 13 March 2008.
Ten years later, in 1874, he set up the Leeds Forge Company to produce "Best Yorkshire" iron for locomotive and marine engine parts. In 1877 he developed the corrugated boiler flue for which he became famous. In 1887, Fox applied his knowledge and experience in forging metal to building forged "pressed" iron railway undercarriages and trucks. His railway trucks could support 120 tons without failing, were guaranteed for five years, and were soon being sold in Argentina, Belgium, British India, Japan, and Spain, in addition to England.
Fox won a number of awards for his work, including the Royal Society of Arts gold medal for his corrugated boiler flue and the French Legion of Honour.
The Leeds Forge Company still stands today in Armley, Leeds as Crown House, the head office of the Yorkshire Enterprise Network. A fox weather vane on top of Crown House has been retained as a reminder that this was once the famous Samson Fox’s forge.
Previously executive chairman of DFS Furniture Company Ltd, Kirkham is a strong political and financial supporter of the Conservative Party, and is one of South Yorkshire's richest men, with a personal fortune estimated at £1 billion. After selling DFS in April 2010 he now has a large share in Iceland supermarkets. He is also now involved in fish and chip shops having bought the Whitby chain.
By 1983, Darley Dale–based Direct Furnishing Supplies had become one of Northern Upholstery biggest suppliers. When Direct Furnishing Supplies went bankrupt with debts of £900,000 on a turnover of £3,000,000, Kirkham bought it. Northern Upholstery now renamed itself DFS and at the time had a total of 63 stores employing 2,000 staff. In 1993, DFS was floated on the stock market and valued at £271 million, with Kirkham and his family trusts owning just over half of the shares.
But the revival was short lived, and in light of the continuing prevalence for private equity, Kirkham took the chain private again, leveraging his family's own 9.46% stake with £150 million of family funds in an eventual £496 million deal. Kirkham told the Yorkshire Post: "It's something that's caused me fitful sleep in the time I've been thinking about it. I've no hobby, this is my hobby – it's what I do. I'm an entrepreneur. It's almost as if I can feel the adrenaline running through my veins."
On 23 April 2010, it was announced that DFS had been sold to private equity firm Advent International for a reported £500m.
Starting out as a software programmer for Systime, he rapidly rose to the position of International Software Director. However, his eye for a business opportunity was apparent even at school, where he commandeered the school's hobs, employed 5 fellow pupils to chop and fry potatoes, and ran a highly successful and lucrative chip production enterprise - until he was closed down.
He left Systime in 1983 to found Storm, an international data storage distribution company. In 1999 he founded VDATA, a company that revolutionised IT operations by enabling online data backup - a much more efficient, fast and cost-effective alternative to tape backup. Storm and VDATA merged in 2000 to become InTechnology.
The innovative trend he started almost 30 years ago continues up to the present day. He leads InTechnology's strategic direction with a hands-on approach and his strong belief in business ethics has led to a loyal and longstanding customer base.
Hoyle founded the Card Factory, a chain of greetings cards and gift stores, in 1997. As of 2009, the company had 500+ shops, employing over 5,000 people. Hoyle confirmed the sale of the Card Factory to Venture Capitalist Charterhouse was finally completed on 9 April 2010. The terms of the deal were not disclosed but financial commentators put the final selling price at in excess of £350m and would maintain a role in the business as Non-Executive Chairman.
Hoyle is a lifelong Huddersfield Town F.C. supporter. He joined the board of Huddersfield Town on 10 April 2008 and took over as chairman, and majority shareholder, of the Club on 3 June 2009. The outgoing chairman, Ken Davy, retains a minority holding
Malcolm is a self-confessed “cowboy”, who is famous for his eccentric management style which includes visiting successful stores with a suitcase full of cash to reward staff. He said: “I’m in love with all our customers because they give me everything I’ve got. They pay for my car, my house, my holidays, everything.”
Under his leadership Iceland has expanded to the Czech Republic, the Republic of Ireland and has exported to South Africa and the Middle East.
Eddie, 76, started work in his family's paint company, and soon started a DIY chain, Status Discount, which grew to have 63 stores in the north of England. In 1980, Status was sold to MFI. Eddie then bought a derelict site in Sheffield, where he built Meadowhall Shopping Centre. In 1999, he sold it to British Land for £1.17 billion, a profit of £420 million.
Meanwhile Malcolm, 69, created and then sold Hygena Kitchens in 1987, earning him £200 million. He repeated the process with a similar firm in America, earning £800m from the sale.
In 1836, Salt came upon some bales of Alpaca wool in a warehouse in Liverpool and, after taking some samples away to experiment, came back and bought the consignment.
Bramall set up the Liz and Terry Bramall Foundation with a £100 million endowment in 2008. He is a Trustee of the Liz and Terry Bramall Foundation. Bramall is a director of Doncaster Rovers Football Club. Bramall was chief executive of the Keepmoat construction group, which specialised in social housing. Bramall donated £2 million for the completion of Birmingham University’s Bramall Music Building.
Terry Bramall was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 2013 New Years Honours for services to charity. He was awarded The Prince of Wales Medal for Arts Philanthropy in 2014. Bramall was awarded the honorary degree of DUniv by Birmingham University in 2011. Bramall won the National Masters Entrepreneur of the Year award in 2004.
First entering Parliament in 1945, Wilson was immediately appointed the Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Works and rose quickly through the ministerial ranks, becoming the Secretary for Overseas Trade in 1947 and being appointed to the Cabinet just months later as the President of the Board of Trade. Later, in the Labour Shadow Cabinet, he served first as Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1955 to 1961 and then as the Shadow Foreign Secretary from 1961 to 1963, when he was elected Leader of the Labour Party after the sudden death of Hugh Gaitskell. Wilson narrowly won the 1964 election, going on to win a much increased majority in a snap 1966 election.
Wilson's first period as Prime Minister coincided with a period of low unemployment and relative economic prosperity, though also of significant problems with Britain's external balance of payments. In 1969 Wilson sent British troops to Northern Ireland. After losing the 1970 general election to Edward Heath, he spent four years as Leader of the Opposition before the February 1974 general election resulted in a hung parliament. After Heath's talks with the Liberals broke down, Wilson returned to power as leader of a minority government until there was a second general election in the autumn, which resulted in a narrow Labour victory. A period of economic crisis was now beginning to hit most Western countries, and in 1976 Wilson suddenly announced his resignation as Prime Minister.
Overall, Wilson is seen to have managed a number of difficult political issues with considerable tactical skill, including such potentially divisive issues for his party as the role of public ownership, British membership of the European Community, and the Vietnam War, in which he consistently resisted US pressure to involve Britain and send British troops, while continuing to maintain a costly military presence East of Suez. Nonetheless, his stated ambition of substantially improving Britain's long-term economic performance remained largely unfulfilled.
In 1853, he was elected to the Canterbury Provincial Council. He would later rise through the ranks of magistrate, was the first town council Chairman in Christchurch. On 8 October 1879, he was appointed the Premier of New Zealand, where his ministry carried out reforms of the male suffrage (extending voting rights) and dealt with a conflict between settlers and Māori at Parihaka, although poor health caused him to resign the position less than three years later. In 1882 he was appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George.
Hall took an active interest in women's rights. He moved the Parliamentary Bill that gave women in New Zealand the vote (1893), (the first country in the world to do so).
Known For: Becoming the 12th Prime Minister of New Zealand and giving women the right to vote
In 1787, he came into contact with Thomas Clarkson and a group of anti-slave-trade activists. They persuaded Wilberforce to take on the cause of abolition, and he soon became one of the leading English abolitionists. He headed the parliamentary campaign against the British slave trade for twenty-six years until the passage of the Slave Trade Act of 1807.
Wilberforce was convinced of the importance of religion, morality and education. He championed causes and campaigns such as the Society for the Suppression of Vice, British missionary work in India, the creation of a free colony in Sierra Leone, the foundation of the Church Mission Society, and the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. His underlying conservatism led him to support politically and socially repressive legislation, and resulted in criticism that he was ignoring injustices at home while campaigning for the enslaved abroad.
As Prime Minister, he led his Liberal party to a series of domestic reforms, including social insurance and the reduction of the power of the House of Lords. He led the nation into the First World War, but a series of military and political crises led to his replacement in late 1916 by David Lloyd George. His falling out with Lloyd George played a major part in the downfall of the Liberal Party. Before his term as Prime Minister he served as Home Secretary (1892–95) and as Chancellor of the Exchequer (1905–08). He was known as H. H. Asquith until his elevation to the peerage (1925), when he became Earl of Oxford and Asquith.
Asquith's achievements in peacetime have been overshadowed by his weaknesses in wartime. Many historians portray a vacillating Prime Minister, unable to present the necessary image of action and dynamism to the public. Others stress his continued high administrative ability, and argue that many of the major reforms popularly associated with Lloyd George as "the man who won the war" were actually implemented by Asquith. The dominant historical verdict is that there were two Asquiths: the urbane and conciliatory Asquith, who was a successful peacetime leader, and the hesitant and increasingly exhausted Asquith, who practised the politics of muddle and delay during the Great War.
Crisp was born in Sheffield, England, January 29, 1845. Later in that year, his parents immigrated to the United States and settled in Georgia where he attended the common schools of Savannah and Macon, Georgia. At the outbreak of the American Civil War, he was temporarily residing in Luray, Virginia, with his parents, who were in the middle of a Shakespearean play tour.
Crisp studied law at Americus, Georgia. He was admitted to the bar in 1866 and commenced practice in Ellaville. He was appointed solicitor general of the southwestern judicial circuit in 1872 and reappointed in 1873 for a term of four years. Later, he was appointed judge of the superior court of the same circuit in June 1877. Crisp was elected by the general assembly to the same office in 1878 and reelected judge for a term of four years in 1880 when resigned that office in September 1882 to accept the Democratic nomination for the United States Congress.
Crisp served as president of the Democratic gubernatorial convention at Atlanta, Georgia, in April 1883. he was elected as a Democrat to the Forty-eighth and to the six succeeding Congresses and served from March 4, 1883, until his death. In Congress, he served as chairman of the Committee on Elections in the Fiftieth Congress, Committee on Rules in the Fifty-second and Fifty-third Congresses, and Speaker of the House of Representatives in the Fifty-second and Fifty-third Congresses. He had been nominated for United States Senator in the Georgia primary of 1896, but he died in Atlanta on October 23, 1896, and was buried in Oak Grove Cemetery in his hometown of Americus. Georgia's Crisp County is named in his honour.
Born Mayer Dove Robinson in Sheffield, England, he was the sixth of seven children of Ida Brown and Moss Robinson. His Jewish heritage ensured that he was often targeted by anti-semitic violence in the schools he attended. The family moved to New Zealand in 1914, where his father worked as a pawnbroker.
Robinson entered politics in the late 1940s when he led the opposition to a sewage dumping scheme that would have discharged untreated effluent into the Hauraki Gulf. When elected in 1953 as a councillor, he proposed and eventually realised a scheme to break down the sewage in oxidation ponds ('Robbie's ponds') near the Manukau Harbour. His success in the scheme later on helped him gain his first mayoralty of Auckland City. It was in his second term as Mayor that he led the push to found the Auckland Regional Council and he went on to be its first chairman.
He was the first MP with an MBA from Harvard, and was a junior government minister in Margaret Thatcher's first government, from 1979 to 1981. He was heavily engaged with the Inter-Parliamentary Union, and had interests in theatre, cricket, golf, and wrote a number of books. He joined the Young Conservatives in 1950, but remained relatively inactive in politics until 1970, when he contested The Hartlepools, a safe Labour seat. He became MP for Arundel in the February 1974 general election, and retained his seat until his retirement from politics in 1997.
In Parliament, his knowledge of the steel industry made him an effective critic of Sir Don Ryder's plan to nationalise British Leyland. He was a member of the Select Committee on Nationalised Industries, and realised that British Steel needed major reconstruction. He was able to implement his ideas when he became Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Department of Industry in 1979, under Sir Keith Joseph, where his portfolio that included aerospace, information technology, telecommunications, the Post Office, shipbuilding, space and steel. He was a strong supporter of Japanese investment in British industry. He oversaw the denationalisation of Cable & Wireless and the launch of Teletext.
Marshall returned to the back benches in 1981. He took an interest in the fledgling British space industry, lobbying for British participation in Ariane. He retired at the 1997 general election, when the boundaries of his seat were changed. He continued his business interests in retirement. After converting to Roman Catholicism in later life, he became a non-executive director of The Catholic Herald in 2003.
Stephenson joined the Liberal Party and was elected to Sheffield City Council, becoming Lord Mayor in 1908-09 and again in 1910-11. In 1910, he also became the Pro-Chancellor of the University of Sheffield, succeeding Frederick Mappin. At the 1918 UK general election, he became the first Member of Parliament for the Sheffield Park constituency, holding the seat as a National Liberal in 1922, but dropping to a distant third place in 1923. He served as High Sheriff of Derbyshire in 1932.
Stephenson became a Lieutenant-Colonel in World War I and was awarded the Distinguished Service Order. He also served as Master Cutler in 1919 and later retired to Hassop Hall. In 1936 he was created a Baronet, of Hassop Hall in the County of Derby.
Burton was elevated to the peerage in April 1962 as Baroness Burton of Coventry, of Coventry in the County of Warwick, where she spoke on topics including women's opportunities in business and public life, and campaigned for the creation of an independent grant-supported body for sport, leading to her appointment to the newly formed Sports Council in 1965.
Burton left the Labour Party in 1981 to join the newly formed Social Democratic Party, and became their spokesman in the Lords on civil aviation and consumer affairs.
Outside his company, Harland served as a Belfast harbour commissioner. In 1885, Harland was granted a knighthood and a baronetcy. Harland was a member of the Conservative and Unionist Party, and served as Mayor of Belfast; later he moved to London and served as Member of Parliament for Belfast North until his death.
Edward Harland served as the chief Belfast Harbour Commissioner from 1875 until the 1880s. As a member of the Conservative and Unionist Party, he served as Mayor of Belfast in 1885 and 1886, and strongly opposed the 1886 Home Rule Bill. In 1885, Harland was granted a knighthood and on 25 July the same year, he was granted a baronetcy. In 1889 Harland was elected to serve as the Member of Parliament for Belfast North. Harland then moved to London, and was re-elected unopposed twice in 1892 and 1895 and served as MP for the constituency until his death, on Christmas Eve 1895 at his Irish home, Glenfarne Hall in County Leitrim.
He graduated from Oxford University in 1820. The following year he moved to Edwards County, Illinois, acquiring property and involving himself in various businesses in the area of Albion, Illinois. He served in the Illinois House of Representatives from 1842 to 1852.
He was a delegate to Republican National Convention from Illinois, 1860. In 1862 President Lincoln offered him the choice of being either part of the United States Ministry in England or Governor of the Washington territory, known at the time as the territory of Columbia. Pickering chose the governorship, and he moved to the territorial capital, Olympia, in June 1862, and served as governor until 1866.
On September 4, 1864, he sent the first message over a transcontinental telegraph line. Under the leadership of Territorial Governor William Pickering, state government took responsibility for the care of the mentally ill. Lacking funds to build a hospital, the state contracted for the care of the mentally ill with the Sisters of Charity (now the Sisters of Providence), but, because of lack of funds, it was 19 months before the Sisters began to receive payment.
After his term, he moved back to Illinois, where he died in 1873.
This assumption, made before American astronomer Edwin Hubble’s observational discovery of the expansion of the universe in 1927, was also natural; it was the simplest approach, as Aristotle had discovered, if one wished to avoid a discussion of a creation event. The notion that the universe on average is not only homogeneous and isotropic in space but also constant in time was philosophically attractive. Hoyle, Bondi, and Gold called it the perfect cosmological principle. In the late 1950s and early ’60s, controversy about the steady-state theory grew. New observations of distant galaxies and other phenomena, supporting the big-bang theory (a phrase that Hoyle had coined in derision in the 1940s), weakened the steady-state theory, and it has since fallen out of favour with most cosmologists. Although Hoyle was forced to alter some of his conclusions, he tenaciously tried to make his theory consistent with new evidence.
Hoyle was elected to the Royal Society in 1957, a year after joining the staff of the Hale Observatories (now the Mount Wilson and Palomar observatories). In collaboration with William Fowler and others in the United States, he formulated theories about the origins of stars as well as about the origins of elements within stars. Hoyle was director of the Institute of Theoretical Astronomy at Cambridge (1967–73), an institution he was instrumental in founding. He received a knighthood in 1972. Hoyle is known for his popular science works, including The Nature of the Universe (1951), Astronomy and Cosmology (1975), and The Origin of the Universe and the Origin of Religion (1993). He also wrote novels, plays, short stories, and an autobiography, The Small World of Fred Hoyle (1986).
Known For: Mathematics and astronomy. Defender of the steady-state-theory
Priestley was born to an established English Dissenting family (i.e. they did not conform to the Church of England) in Birstall, near Batley in the West Riding of Yorkshire. He was the oldest of six children born to Mary Swift and Jonas Priestley, a finisher of cloth. In 1761, Priestley moved to Warrington and assumed the post of tutor of modern languages and rhetoric at the town's Dissenting academy, although he would have preferred to teach mathematics and natural philosophy.
Known For: Discovering Oxygen
Educated at St. John’s College, Cambridge, Appleton worked at the Cavendish Laboratory from 1920 until he was appointed Wheatstone professor of physics at King’s College, University of London, in 1924. There he attained international repute with his research into the propagation of electromagnetic waves and the characteristics of the ionosphere. He showed that radio waves of wavelength sufficiently short to penetrate the lower region of the ionosphere are reflected by an upper region (now known as the Appleton layer, or F2 layer). This discovery made possible more reliable long-range radio communication and aided in the development of radar.
In 1936 Appleton returned to Cambridge as Jacksonian Professor of Natural Philosophy and in 1939 became secretary of the government’s Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, where he worked on radar and the atomic bomb during World War II. He was knighted in 1941 and became principal and vice-chancellor of the University of Edinburgh in 1949.
Known For: Discovering the ionosphere
Richard was educated at Bradford school, and on 20 June 1681 matriculated from University College, Oxford. He is said to have taken the degree of bachelor of physic at Oxford, but this statement appears doubtful. On 10 Nov. 1681 he was entered as a student at Gray's Inn, and probably divided his time for some years between London and the university. He matriculated at Leyden on 26 Sept. 1687, and lived for three years in the house of Paul Hermann, the eminent professor of botany. Boerhaave was among his fellow-students. His Latin thesis ‘De Febre Tertiana’ for a doctor's degree at Leyden on 13 March 1690 was printed, with a dedication to Richard Thornton, ‘amico et consanguineo suo.’ When he returned to England and settled on his property, he practised as M.D., but most of his professional services were rendered gratuitously.
With the ample means at his command, Richardson travelled much in England, Wales, and Scotland in search of rare botanical specimens, particularly of the cryptogamia class, and liberally patronised less wealthy collectors, like Samuel Brewer and Thomas Knowlton. His garden on his estate at North Bierley was well stocked with curious plants, both indigenous and exotic, and his was considered the best collection in the north of England, if not in the whole country. He planted a seedling cedar of Lebanon, sent to him by Sir Hans Sloane, at Bierley Hall; the tree is conspicuous in the engravings of that place; and he constructed the second hothouse that was made in England. He also formed a very valuable library of botanical and historical works, And drew up two manuscript indexes, one in 1696 and the other in 1737, of the plants in his garden and was a leading authority on mosses and lichen.
Known For: Botanist and antiquary
Sharp calculated pi to 72 decimal places using an arctan sequence, briefly holding the record until John Machin calculated 100 digits in 1706. He returned to Little Horton in 1694. When the Atlas Coelestis - the largest star map at the time was published it contained 26 maps of the major constellations visible from Greenwich and two planispheres designed by Sharp. Sharp died in Little Horton in 1742. He never married. He was a great-uncle of Jesse Ramsden, the scientific instrument maker. The crater Sharp on the Moon is named after him.
Known For: Mathematician and astrononmer
In 1901 Lamplugh was promoted to District Geologist and took charge in Dublin of the Irish branch of the Geological Survey; as DG he supervised and contributed to the mapping of the country around Dublin, Belfast, Cork, and Limerick. He returned to Great Britain in 1905 to head successively the Midlands and North Wales Districts, and he also did some important work surveying part of the Wealden area. In all this work he was the author or co-author of a number of sheet Memoirs. On the appointment of Strahan in 1914 as Director of the Geological Survey Lamplugh succeeded him as Assistant Director for England and Wales, a post that he retained until his retirement in 1920.
In spite of his busy working life Lamplugh managed to visit a number of distant lands with geological or glaciological objectives, all before the First World War when travel was not easy. His adventurous journey to the Yukon in 1884 has already been mentioned. He travelled twice more to North America, in 1893 to visit the Grand Canyon, and in 1897 for a meeting of the BA in Vancouver. Two of his other travels were linked to overseas meetings of the BA: in South Africa in 1905 and Australia in 1914.
Lamplugh was a member of the Yorkshire Geological Society (YGS) by1878 as a paper of his “On the divisions of the glacial beds of Filey Bay” appeared in the Society’s Proceedings that year; he was President 1921-1922. The Geological Society (of London) of which he became a Fellow (FGS) in 1890 and President 1918-1920 awarded him its Bigby Medal in 1901 and its premier Wollaston Medal in 1925. In 1906 he was President of Section C (Geology) of the British Association (BA). He was also a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society (FRGS) from 1905 and Council member 1912-1915. It was in 1905 too that, most importantly, Lamplugh was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS); he served on its Council as well (1914-1916). Having formerly been an amateur geologist he continued in his later life to be supportive of various provincial societies besides the YGS including three of which he was President at some time: the Yorkshire Naturalists’ Union, the Hull Geological Society and the Hertfordshire Natural History Society.
Known For: Geologist and geographer
Shaw was inventive, even at an early age, but his most famous invention was the cat's eye for lighting the way along roads in the dark. There are several stories about how he came up with the idea. The most famous involves him driving down the difficult road from the Old Dolphin public house in Clayton Heights to his home in Halifax, when a cat on a fence along the edge of the road looked at the car, reflected his headlights back to him, allowing him to take corrective action and remain on the road. In an interview with Alan Whicker, however, he told a different story of being inspired on a foggy night to think of a way of moving the reflective studs on a road sign to the road surface.
Further, local school children who were taken on visits to the factory in the late 1970s were told that the idea came from Shaw seeing light reflected from his car headlamps by tram tracks in the road on a foggy night. The tram tracks were polished by the passing of trams and by following the advancing reflection, it was possible to maintain the correct position in the road.
Known For: Inventor (Cat's eye) and businessman
Atkinson patented various inventions including a number of mousetrap mechanisms. The mousetrap patents included a number of variations of the now classic snapping mousetrap consisting of a spring-loaded hinged metal bar mounted on a small flat wooden base.
Known For: Inventing the classic spring-loaded mousetrap
In the troubled years immediately before World War I, arms manufacturing increased significantly in the UK, but practical problems were encountered due to erosion (excessive wear) of the internal surfaces of gun barrels. Brearley began to research new steels which could better resist the erosion caused by high temperatures (rather than corrosion, as is often mentioned in this regard). He began to examine the addition of chromium to steel, which was known to raise the material’s melting point, as compared to the standard carbon steels.
Known For: Inventing Stainless Steel
The products became regular household items throughout the country. Some ‘Crapper’ manhole covers may be seen today in Westminster Abbey. The firm drew the attention of the Royal Family, and Crapper was commissioned to fit out the Royal country house of Sandringham with thirty water closets with cederwood seats. The company enjoyed Royal patronage even after Crapper’s death and obtained several Royal Warrants.
The assumption that Crapper invented the flushing toilet in untrue. The device was created by Sir John Harington, a courtier of Elizabeth I, who had a ‘john’ built at the palace. It was developed by Alexander Cummins, whose device allowed a modicum of water to remain in the bowl to prevent seepage from the sewers. Crapper did popularise the loo and made it an accepted domestic fixture he registered a number of patents, such as the 'Ballcock' and the 'Disconnecting Trap' which became an essential underground drains fitting. This alone was a great leap forward in the campaign against disease. The notion that Crapper gave his scatological name to faeces is just crap. The word ‘crap’, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, derives from the Middle English ‘crappe’, meaning chaff or residue from rendered fat.
Crapper died in 1910 and is buried in Beckenham Cemetery, Elmers End Road, Beckenham, Kent.
Known For: Inventing the flushing toilet
Before taking on the role of David, Shepherd had appeared in episodes of TV's Where the Heart Is and Clocking Off where he starred with his future Coronation Street screen sister Tina O'Brien. Shepherd has taken time out of Coronation Street to do theatre work, including the role of Riff in a production of West Side Story as part of Stage 84 The Yorkshire School of Performing Arts. He has also appeared in Oliver! at Bradford's Alhambra theatre.
In 2008, Shepherd appeared in Ghosthunting with Coronation Street on the Isle of Man. In 2007, Shepherd won the Best Bad Boy Award at the Inside Soap Awards and in 2008, he won 'Best Villain' at the British Soap Awards. Shepherd uses his middle initial in his stage name as there is already a well-known British actor named Jack Shepherd.
He is also a contributor to the topical show Grouchy Young Men, a spin-off of the show Grumpy Old Men, on the British version of Comedy Central. Shepherd is engaged to his long-term girlfriend Lauren with whom he has two children, Nyla and Reuben
Notable Works: Coronation Street
Mark did several major musicals in London’s West End, spending four years in Andrew Lloyd Webber’s musical Evita in the role of Magaldi and then playing Ché under the direction of Hal Prince.
Notable Works: Transformers Series, Robin of Sherwood
Frain was born in Leeds, the eldest of eight children of a teacher mother and a stockbroker father.
Notable Works: Tron: Legacy, Where the Heart is, The Tudors
In 2003, Reeves and Mortimer were listed in The Observer as one of the 50 funniest acts in British comedy. In a 2005 poll to find the Comedians' Comedian, Reeves and Mortimer were voted the 9th greatest comedy act ever by fellow comedians and comedy insiders.
Known For: Actor and Comedian
Keith Ian Lemon is a fictional character portrayed by English comedian Leigh Francis. Lemon is easily distinguished by his Yorkshire accent, bleached hair, ginger moustache and fake tan. According to Francis, Lemon’s background is that of a failed businessman who was most successful in 1993, when he won the prestigious Businessman of the Year award for his innovative creation, the “securi-pole”.
Known For: Character Comedy, TV Presenting
McDowell was born Malcolm John Taylor in Horsforth, Leeds in the West Yorkshire region. He is the son of Edna, a hotelier, and Charles Taylor, a publican, and was the middle of three siblings, with two sisters, Gloria (older) and Judy (younger). His family later moved to Bridlington, since his father was in the Royal Air Force.
Notable Works: A Clockwork Orange, O Lucky Man!
Notable Works: Harry Potter, The Syndicate
Palin wrote most of his comedic material with Terry Jones. Before Monty Python, they had worked on other shows such as the Ken Dodd Show, The Frost Report, and Do Not Adjust Your Set. Palin appeared in some of the most famous Python sketches, including "Argument Clinic", "Dead Parrot sketch", "The Lumberjack Song", "The Spanish Inquisition", and "The Fish-Slapping Dance".
After Python, he began a new career as a travel writer and travel documentarian. His journeys have taken him across the world, including the North and South Poles, the Sahara Desert, the Himalayas, Eastern Europe and Brazil. In 2000 Palin was honoured as a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) for his services to television. From 2009 to 2012 Palin was the president of the Royal Geographical Society. On 12 May 2013, Palin was made a BAFTA fellow, the highest honour that is conferred by the organisation.
Known For: Actor and Comedian
In the early 1990s, after studying Theatre Studies at Lancaster University, Ineson was a teacher at York Sixth Form College where he was also a cricket coach.
Notable Works: The Office, Game of Thrones. Harry Potter
He married Hildegarde Neil in 1978 and his daughter from that marriage, Rosalind, is an actress. Blessed has worked alongside Rosalind on Doctors. He owns several dogs and is a patron of the Hopefield Animal Sanctuary.
Notable Works: Flash Gordon, Hamlet, Tarzan, The Pirates! In an Adventure with Scientists!
Having lived in Los Angeles for many years, Stewart moved back to England in 2004, in part to return to work in the theatre. In the same year, Stewart was appointed Chancellor of the University of Huddersfield and subsequently as a Professor of Performing Arts in July 2008. In this role, Stewart regularly attends graduation ceremonies in the UK and Hong Kong and teaches master classes for drama students.
Stewart was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 2001 New Year Honours list, and was made a Knight Bachelor in the 2010 New Year Honours for services to drama. In July 2011, Stewart received an Honorary Doctorate of Letters (Hon.Litt.D.) from the University of East Anglia.
In July 2012, Stewart carried the Olympic torch as part of the official relay for the 2012 Summer Olympics and stated it was an experience he will 'never forget', adding that it was better than any movie première. In July 2014, Stewart received an honorary doctorate of letters from the University of Leeds.
Notable Works: Star Trek: The Next Generation, X-Men, Dune
The brothers were born in Rotherham to Amy and James Patton Elliott, in 1944 and 1947. Their father was a well-known Gang Show performer whose stage name was Gene Patton.
Notable Works: ChuckleVision
Notable Works: The Wire, Chicago
Bean was born in the Handsworth district of Sheffield, West Riding of Yorkshire, England, the son of Rita and Brian Bean. His father owned a fabrication shop which employed 50 people, including Bean’s mother, who worked as a secretary.
Bean first found success for his portrayal of Richard Sharpe in the ITV series Sharpe. He has since garnered further recognition for his performance as Ned Stark in the HBO epic fantasy series Game of Thrones, as well as roles in the BBC anthology series Accused and the ITV historical drama series Henry VIII. His most prominent film role was Boromir in The Lord of the Rings trilogy (2001–2003).
Notable Works: Lord of the Rings, Game of Thrones, James Bond: GoldenEye
Kingsley was named a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in 2000, and was made a Knight Bachelor by Queen Elizabeth II in 2002. In 2010, Kingsley was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
Notable Works: Gandhi, Schindler’s List, Hugo
He also played Vernon Dursley in the Harry Potter films, Uncle Monty in Withnail and I, Henry Crabbe in Pie in the Sky, and King George II in Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides. He also appeared as a British journalist in Richard Attenborough’s Oscar-winning 1982 film Gandhi.
Notable Works: Harry Potter, The History Boys, Gandhi
Wilkinson was born in Wharfedale, Yorkshire, England, the son of Marjorie and Thomas Wilkinson, a farmer. At the age of four, he moved with his family to Canada, where they lived for several years before returning to England and running a pub in Cornwall. Wilkinson graduated from the University of Kent, where he was a member of T24 Drama Society (then named UKCD) and attended the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art.
Known For: Actor
Other acting credits include the BBC series Our Friends in the North, the ITV series Broadchurch (for which he won the best supporting actor award at the 2014 British Academy Television Awards), the FX series The Strain, and the films Hot Fuzz and Captain America: The First Avenger. In 2013, Bradley portrayed William Hartnell, the actor who played the First Doctor, in the Doctor Who drama An Adventure in Space and Time.
Notable Works: Harry Potter, Game of Thrones, The World’s End, Captain America: The First Avenger
Dench was born in Heworth, York, England. Her mother, Eleanora Olive, was born in Dublin, Ireland. Her father, Reginald Arthur Dench, a doctor, was born in Dorset, South West England, and later moved to Dublin, where he was raised.
Notable Works: James Bond, Shakespeare in Love, Mrs. Brown
Notable Works: The Thin Blue Line, The Full Monty and Game of Thrones
Delius's first successes came in Germany, where Hans Haym and other conductors promoted his music from the late 1890s. In Delius's native Britain, it was 1907 before his music made regular appearances in concert programmes, after Thomas Beecham took it up. Beecham conducted the full premiere of A Mass of Life in London in 1909 (he had premiered Part II in Germany in 1908); he staged the opera A Village Romeo and Juliet at Covent Garden in 1910; and he mounted a six-day Delius festival in London in 1929, as well as making gramophone recordings of many of Delius's works. After 1918 Delius began to suffer the effects of syphilis, contracted during his earlier years in Paris. He became paralysed and blind, but completed some late compositions between 1928 and 1932 with the aid of an amanuensis, Eric Fenby.
The lyricism in Delius's early compositions reflected the music he had heard in America and the influences of European composers such as Edvard Grieg and Richard Wagner. As his skills matured, he developed a style uniquely his own, characterised by his individual orchestration and his uses of chromatic harmony. Delius's music has been only intermittently popular, and often subject to critical attacks. The Delius Society, formed in 1962 by his more dedicated followers, continues to promote knowledge of the composer's life and works, and sponsors the annual Delius Prize competition for young musicians
In 2009, Gates moved into musical theatre, playing the title role in the West End production of Joseph and the Amazing Technicolour Dreamcoat at the Adelphi Theatre. In 2009–2011, Gates completed an eighteen month stint as Marius, initially in the touring production and then in the West End production of Les Misérables
Kiki Dee began singing with a local band in Bradford in the early 1960s. Her recording career began as a session singer. She sang backing vocals for Dusty Springfield, among others, and was well regarded by other singers but did not achieve solo success in the UK for many years. In the days before BBC Radio 1, Dee was a regular performer of cover versions on BBC Radio, and she starred with a group of session singers in the BBC Two singalong series, One More Time. She also appeared in an early episode of The Benny Hill Show in January 1971.
Malik quit the band on 25 March 2015, citing his desire to live as a “normal 22-year-old who is able to relax and have some private time out of the spotlight”, after signing off from the band’s On the Road Again Tour for an indefinite period six days prior due to stress. He denied rumors of any rift between the members, explaining that the band had been supportive of the decision.
Sheeran’s popularity abroad began in 2012. In the US he made a guest appearance on Taylor Swift’s fourth studio album, Red, and wrote songs for One Direction. “The A Team” was nominated for Song of the Year at the 2013 Grammy Awards and he performed the song in duet with Elton John during the ceremony. His second studio album titled X (read as “multiply”) was released worldwide on 23 June 2014, charting at number one in the UK Albums Chart and the US Billboard 200. It was nominated for Album of the Year at the 57th Annual Grammy Awards. As part of his X world tour, Sheeran will play three concerts at London’s Wembley Stadium in July 2015, his biggest solo shows to date.
When they were around eleven years old, Nick Hodgson, Nick Baines and Simon Rix met in the same class at St. Mary's Catholic High School, Menston, West Yorkshire. After leaving school, Rix and Baines left for university in 1996 whereas Hodgson remained in the Leeds area, meeting both Andrew White and Ricky Wilson. Hodgson, White and Wilson formed the band Runston Parva, its name a deliberate misspelling of a small East Yorkshire hamlet called Ruston Parva. After Runston Parva failed to secure a record deal, the group re-formed as Parva upon the return of Rix and Baines from university. Parva's career went beyond the boundaries of Leeds, and the band was able to obtain both a record and publishing deal.
The Spice Girls signed to Virgin Records and in 1996 they released their debut single, "Wannabe", which hit number one in more than 30 countries and helped establish the group as a "global phenomenon". It was followed by their debut album, Spice, which has sold more than 28 million copies worldwide, becoming the best-selling album by a female group in music history. The band's second album, Spiceworld, went on to sell over 20 million copies worldwide. As of 2013, the Spice Girls have sold over 100 million albums worldwide, making them the biggest selling female group in history and also one of the best-selling music artists in the world. Brown is also known for supporting girl power and earlier global tours, which grossed an estimated $500–800 million between 1996 and 2001. The Return of the Spice Girls was the band's comeback tour throughout 2007 and 2008, having grossed US$200 million and winning the Billboard 2008 Touring Award. As of July 2013, Brown's net worth is estimated to be $85 million.
Brown began her solo career when she released "I Want You Back" with Missy Elliott on Virgin Records. The single charted at number one on the UK Singles Chart, followed by the release of her debut album, Hot (2000). The album also saw the release of two top 10 singles "Tell Me" and "Feels So Good". L.A. State of Mind was Brown's second studio album, released in 2005 on the independent label Amber Café, which saw the release of one single, "Today" in June that year. In mid-2012, Brown announced a return to her solo recording career with the release of her third studio album by signing with EMI Music Australia. The scope of the deal with EMI office includes concessions for global partnering with EMI. The first single from the album, "For Once in My Life" was released in September 2013, becoming Brown's first record to be released after eight years.
At the 2014 Brit Awards, Newman was nominated for three Brit Awards, including for British Male Solo Artist. As of February 2014, Newman has sold over 1.3 million records in the UK alone.
The band have won seven Brit Awards - winning both Best British Group and Best British Album three times, and have been nominated for three Grammy Awards. They also won the Mercury Prize in 2006 for their debut album, in addition to receiving nominations in 2007 and 2013. The band have headlined at the Glastonbury Festival twice, in 2007 and again in 2013. Arctic Monkeys were heralded as one of the first bands to come to public attention via the Internet (through fan-based sites rather than from the band), with commentators suggesting they represented the possibility of a change in the way in which new bands are promoted and marketed.
As one of the world's best-selling music artists, Def Leppard have sold more than 100 million records worldwide, and have two albums with RIAA diamond certification, Pyromania and Hysteria. They are one of only five rock bands with two original studio albums selling over 10 million copies in the U.S. The band were ranked No. 31 in VH1's "100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock" and ranked No. 70 in "100 Greatest Artists of All Time".
Throughout the 1980s, the band struggled to find success, but gained prominence in the UK in the mid-1990s with the release of the albums His 'n' Hers in 1994 and particularly Different Class in 1995, which reached the number one spot in the UK Albums Chart. Different Class spawned four top ten singles, including "Common People" and "Sorted for E's & Wizz", both of which reached number two in the UK Singles Chart. Pulp's musical style during this period consisted of disco influenced pop-rock coupled with "kitchen sink drama"-style lyrics. Jarvis Cocker and the band became reluctant figures in the Britpop movement, and were nominated for the Mercury Music Prize in 1994 for His 'n' Hers; they won the prize in 1996 for Different Class and were nominated again in 1998 for This Is Hardcore. They headlined the Pyramid Stage of the Glastonbury Festival twice.
The band released We Love Life, in 2001, after which they entered an extended hiatus, having sold more than 10 million records. Pulp reunited played live again in 2011, with dates at the Isle of Wight Festival, Reading and Leeds Festivals, Pohoda (music festival), Sziget Festival, Primavera Sound, the Exit festival, and the Wireless Festival. A number of additional concert dates have since been added to their schedule.
Though Brown has had limited commercial success and has never released another recording as commercially successful as “Fire”, he has been a significant influence on Alice Cooper, Peter Gabriel, Marilyn Manson, George Clinton, Kiss, King Diamond and Bruce Dickinson among others, and his songs have been covered or sampled by a range of artists including Ozzy Osbourne, The Prodigy and The Who.
The band's music has mostly been described as metalcore, but has also been labelled heavy metal and hard rock. Their first two albums, 2009's Stand Up and Scream and 2011's Reckless & Relentless, are both generally considered to be metalcore albums, while their third album, 2013's From Death to Destiny (which is the last one to feature vocalist Danny Worsnop), is influenced by heavy metal and rock bands while maintaining Asking Alexandria's signature metalcore sound on certain tracks. Guitarist Ben Bruce has stated that they do not like writing music that sounds the same from album to album, which is why their musical style has changed over time.
Born in York, Barry spent his early years working in cinemas owned by his father. During his national service with the British Army in Cyprus, Barry began performing as a musician after learning to play the trumpet. Upon completing his national service, he formed his own band in 1957, The John Barry Seven. He later developed an interest in composing and arranging music, making his début for television in 1958. He came to the notice of the makers of the first James Bond film Dr. No, who were dissatisfied with a theme for James Bond given to them by Monty Norman. This started a successful association between Barry and Eon Productions which lasted for 25 years.
He stood in his first county game in 1970. Three years later, he officiated at his first Test match, England v New Zealand at Headingley Stadium in Leeds. The other umpire was Charlie Eliott as England won by an innings and one run. He gained a reputation for stopping play for weather and not giving batsmen out LBW. Bird's attention to detail was placed under scrutiny at the Centenary Test between England and Australia at Lord's in 1980. One of Bird's strengths was that he was able to manage and earn the respect of some of the more volatile players in the game, sometimes by using his infectious humour. He was also known as being eccentric, famously arriving at a ground five hours early as the Queen was to visit that day.
Bird umpired in 66 Test matches (at the time a world record) and 69 One Day Internationals including 3 World Cup Finals. He came out of retirement in January 2007 to umpire in the XXXX Gold Beach Cricket Tri-Nations series involving cricketing legends from England, the West Indies, and Australia, which partly took place at Scarborough Beach in Perth, Australia.
Known For: Cricket and umpiring
Hockney was born in Bradford, to Laura and Kenneth Hockney, the fourth of five children. He was educated at Wellington Primary School, Bradford Grammar School, Bradford College of Art and the Royal College of Art in London, where he met R. B. Kitaj. While there, Hockney said he felt at home and took pride in his work.
In 2012, Hockney, worth an estimated $55.2 million (approx. £36.1 m) transferred paintings valued at $124.2 million (approx. £81.5 m) to the David Hockney Foundation, and gave an additional $1.2 million (approx. £0.79 m) in cash to help fund the foundation's operations. The artist plans to give away the paintings, through the foundation, to galleries including the Los Angeles County Museum of Art and the Tate in London.
Known For: Painting, Printmaking, Photography
On 5 July 2012, Dynamo was promoted by the magicians’ society, The Magic Circle, to Associate of the Inner Magic Circle with Silver Star for Performance. In the same year, Dynamo: Magician Impossible won the Best Entertainment Programme award at the Broadcast Awards. Series 2 of Dynamo: Magician Impossible won the Broadcast Award for Best Entertainment Programme for the second year in a row and won TV show of the year at the Virgin Media Awards.
Known For: Magic, TV Presenting
He first won the Red House Children's Book Award with Brother in the Land (1984), a novel set in a post-apocalyptic world. Swindells was a supporter of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament and is quoted as saying that the work "... came out of my own anger and frustration ... you can't kill selectively with nuclear weapons, you wipe out millions of people ...". He won three more Red House awards for Room 13 (1990), Nightmare Stairs (Short novel, 1998) and Blitzed (Younger readers, 2003).
In a 2010 by-election and in the 2011 local elections, Swindells stood as the Green Party of England and Wales candidate for the Worth Valley ward of Bradford City Council. In 2010, he took 11% of the vote, putting him in third place.
Known For: Author
After the war, he continued his education and in 1921 won a scholarship to study at the Royal College of Art. He didn’t regret his late opportunity to attend art school. He was a talented student, but already he was experimenting with new styles and this often conflicted with his teachers who were trying to teach the classic style – of perfection in form and composition. Moore was attracted to a more spontaneous art form with imperfections evident in the sculpting. In 1924, he spent time travelling in Italy and later Paris. Here he could view the great Masters such as Michelangelo and Giovanni Pisano. But, Moore was also influenced by his studies of primitive art, and at the Louvre he was particularly influenced by the Toltec-Maya sculptural form, the Chac Mool.
On his return to London, he took up a teaching post at the Royal College of art. This part time post enabled him to work on his own art, leading to his first commissions such as the West Wind – 1928-29. In the 1930s, Moore became an active member of the informal modern art movement, centred around the ideas and innovation of people like Pablo Picasso and Jean Arp. He also briefly flirted with the surrealist movement. The Second World War led to more traditional commissions and Moore worked as a war artist producing memorable pictures such as images of civilians fleeing the Blitz in the London underground. This helped Moore’s reputation and after the war led to numerous awards and opportunities in America. In 1948 he was awarded the International Sculpture Prize at the Venice Biennale. Significant commissions included. A reclining figure for UNESCO building in Paris 1956. A Nuclear energy sculpture at the University of Chicago. (to commemorate 25th anniversary of nuclear reaction) and Knife Edge – Two Piece in 1962 for College Green, London around Houses of parliament.
In 1972, Henry Moore established his Henry Moore Foundation – a charitable trust to promote art education and the support of young artists. He was a man of modest means. Despite his wealth and fame he lived frugally remembering his Yorkshire roots. He even turned down a knighthood in 1951 because he didn’t want to be seen as an establishment figure. Yet, during his lifetime he became one of the most influential sculptors of his generation.
Known For: Leading Sculptor and artist
Parkinson began as a journalist on local newspapers, and his Yorkshire background and accent remain part of his appeal. He worked as a features writer for the Manchester Guardian, working alongside Michael Frayn, and later on the Daily Express in London. In the course of his two years' National Service he was commissioned and became Britain's youngest army captain. During the 1960s, Parkinson moved into television, working on current affairs programmes for the BBC and Manchester-based Granada Television. From 1969 he presented Granada's Cinema, a late-night film review programme, (which included his first star interview with Laurence Olivier), before in 1971 presenting his eponymous BBC series Parkinson, which ran until 1982 and from 1998 until December 2007, leaving the BBC for ITV1 partway through the second run, however he avoided posing his usual confrontational questions.
Known For: Broadcasting, journalism and writing
His opinionated but humorous tongue-in-cheek writing and presenting style has often provoked public reaction. His actions both privately and as a Top Gear presenter have also sometimes resulted in criticism from the media, politicians, pressure groups and the public. He has also garnered a significant public following, being credited as a major factor in the resurgence of Top Gear as one of the most popular shows on the BBC.
On 25 March 2015, the BBC announced it would not renew Clarkson's contract after he verbally and physically attacked a Top Gear producer over a dispute at a hotel while filming on location.
Known For: TV Presenting, Journalism
Their fame was due as much to their own tragic destinies as to their precociousness. Since their early deaths they were subject of a following that did not cease to grow. Their home, the parsonage at Haworth in Yorkshire, now the Brontë Parsonage Museum, has become a place of pilgrimage for hundreds of thousands of visitors each year.
Known For: Poetry and Literacy Works
Known For: Comedian, Actor, Entertainer
Logan hosted Final Score for BBC Sport from 2009 until 2013. She has also presented a variety of live sports events for the BBC, including a revived episode of Superstars in December 2012 and the London Marathon coverage in April 2015.
Since 2013, she has co-hosted Sports Personality of the Year for the BBC and she presented the second series of The Edge in 2015.
Known For: TV Presenting
In 2008 The Times ranked Hughes fourth on their list of "The 50 greatest British writers since 1945".
A memorial walk was inaugurated in 2005, leading from the Devon village of Belstone to Hughes's memorial stone above the River Taw, on Dartmoor. In 2009 the Ted Hughes Award for new work in poetry was established with the permission of Carol Hughes. The Poetry Society notes "the award is named in honour of Ted Hughes, Poet Laureate, and one of the greatest twentieth century poets for both children and adults”. Members of the Poetry Society and Poetry Book Society recommend a living UK poet who has completed the newest and most innovative work that year, "highlighting outstanding contributions made by poets to our cultural life."
Known For: Poetry and children's writer
After responding to a radio advertisement asking for applicants to be the first British astronaut, Sharman was selected to travel into space on 25 November 1989 ahead of nearly 13,000 other applicants. The programme was known as Project Juno and was a cooperative arrangement between the Soviet Union and a group of British companies.
Known For: Chemistry, Astronomy
The JCT600 company name came from the personal number plate of a Mercedes-Benz 600 that Jack Tordoff owned. The company began to acquire Gilder Group dealer sites came in 2009, with York and Hull Audi joining the JCT600 group. In 2013, Gilder CEO Garry Scotting agreed to sell all but three Honda dealerships to John Tordoff thanks to an earlier agreement that JCT600 had first refusal should Scotting decide to sell.
The company had 47 sites in the north-east of England by 2013, rising to 50 in 2015.
Known For: Being a nationing motor sales firm that sells dozens of brands of cars
Founded in 1899 by William Morrison, hence the abbreviation Wm Morrison, it began as an egg and butter stall in Rawson Market, Bradford, England. Until 2004, Morrisons store locations were primarily focused in the north of England, but with the takeover of Safeway in that year, the company's presence increased significantly in the south of England and Scotland. As of May 2014 the company now has 515 superstores and 113 Morrisons M local stores spread across England, Wales and Scotland.
The Morrison family currently owns around 10% of the company.
The company is listed on the London Stock Exchange and is part of the FTSE 100 Index of companies.
Known For: Being one of the largest supermarket chains in the UK
The business was started by Harry Ramsden (1888–1963) in 1928 in a wooden hut in White Cross, Guiseley, West Yorkshire, northern England. Three years later he moved into a new premises, complete with fitted carpets, oak panelled walls and chandeliers. The original hut still stands on the same site adjacent to the main restaurant, which once held the Guinness World Record for the largest fish and chip shop in the world, seating 250 people, serving nearly a million customers a year.
Known For: Serving world famous fish and chips
The inventor of cat's eyes was Percy Shaw of Boothtown, Halifax, West Yorkshire, England. When the tram-lines were removed in the nearby suburb of Ambler Thorn, he realised that he had been using the polished strips of steel to navigate at night. The name "cat's eye" comes from Shaw's inspiration for the device: the eyeshine reflecting from the eyes of a cat. In 1934, he patented his invention, and on 15 March 1935, founded Reflecting Roadstuds Limited in Halifax to manufacture the items.
Known For: Used in road marking as a retroreflective safety device
The company is one of the few remaining family tea and coffee merchants in the country. Yorkshire Tea uses varieties of tea grown in Assam, Sri Lanka, and Kenya blended to form five varieties:
• Original Yorkshire Tea
• Yorkshire Tea for Hard Water
• Luxury blend Yorkshire Gold
• Yorkshire Seasonal
Known For: Being mixed with hot water, dropped into a cup, enjoyed by people around the world
In July 1999, Asda became a subsidiary of the American retail company Walmart, and today is the United Kingdom's second-largest chain by market share. Asda's marketing promotions are usually based solely on price, with Asda promoting itself under the slogan Saving you money, everyday. As a wholly owned division of Walmart, Asda is not required to declare quarterly or half-yearly earnings. It submits full accounts to Companies House each November.
Known For: Being one of the largest supermarket chains in the UK
The company was founded by a partnership between Michael Marks, a Polish Jew from Słonim (Marks was born into a Polish-Jewish family, a Polish refugee living in the Russian Empire, now in Belarus), and Thomas Spencer, a cashier from the English market town of Skipton in North Yorkshire. On his arrival in England, Marks worked for a company in Leeds, called Barran, which employed refugees (see Sir John Barran, 1st Baronet). In 1884 he met Isaac Jowitt Dewhirst while looking for work. Dewhirst lent Marks £5 which he used to establish his Penny Bazaar on Kirkgate Market, in Leeds. Dewhirst also taught him a little English. Dewhirst's cashier was Tom Spencer, a bookkeeper, whose second wife, Agnes, helped improve Marks' English. In 1894, when Marks acquired a permanent stall in Leeds' covered market, he invited Spencer to become his partner.
In 1901 Marks moved to the Birkenhead open market where he amalgamated with Spencer. The pair were allocated stall numbers 11 & 12 in the centre aisle in 1903, and there they opened the famous Penny Bazaar. The next few years saw Michael Marks and Tom Spencer open market stalls in many locations around the North West of England and move the original Leeds Penny Bazaar to 20, Cheetham Hill Road, Manchester.
Known For: Selling clothes and gifts across the UK for over 100 years
The bear was named after her hometown of Pudsey, West Yorkshire, where her grandfather was mayor. A reproduction of the bear mascot (made of vegetation) is in Pudsey park, near the town centre. BBC Children in Need is the BBC's UK charity. Since 1980 it has raised over £600 million to change the lives of disabled children and young people in the UK.
Known For: Being the mascot of BBC's Children in Need for over 30 years
It can be found in local fish and chip shops and almost every supermarket and grocers in the city, yet is almost unavailable anywhere outside South Yorkshire (although it can now be ordered online). The company has made little effort to market outside Yorkshire, instead preferring to encourage a loyal following nationally through this sense of exclusivity. Although often available throughout the UK, this has been due to the efforts of individual shops, and loyal Yorkshiremen smugglers, to obtain small quantities for their local clientele.
It is produced in Sheffield, South Yorkshire. The product's slogan is, "Made in Sheffield for over a 100 years". A gold-label version was produced to commemorate home girl Jessica Ennis winning the Heptathlon in the 2012 Olympics.
Known For: Being a spicy and fruity condiment, produced and sold in Sheffield
In 1912, Harry Brearley of the Brown-Firth research laboratory in Sheffield, England, while seeking a corrosion-resistant alloy for gun barrels, discovered and subsequently industrialized a martensitic stainless steel alloy.
Known For: Having a higher tolerance to rust and corrosion compared to regular steel or iron.
The Thornton family lived in Leeds, West Yorkshire for many years having various occupations from shopkeeper to innkeeper until eventually Joseph Thornton, born 1832, moved south to become a railway shopkeeper in Sheffield, South Yorkshire. He then opened his first Thorntons Chocolate Kabin shop in October 1911, on the corner of Norfolk Street and Howard Street in Sheffield.
Known For: Continental, Swiss and Belgian Chocolates, Toffee, Fudge
The popular Wallace and Gromit animated shorts had the main character, a cheese connoisseur, mention Wensleydale as a particularly favourite cheese. The company contacted Aardman Animations about a licence for a special brand of “Wallace and Gromit Wensleydale”, which proved to be an enormous success. When the 2005 full-length Wallace and Gromit film, Curse of the Were-Rabbit, was released, sales of Wensleydale cheeses jumped by 23%.
Known For: Producing English cheeses with either a medium or crumbly texture
Founded in 1862, the company developed strong associations with Quaker philanthropy. Throughout much of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, it was one of the big three confectionery manufacturers in the United Kingdom, alongside Cadbury and Fry. By the time the company was acquired by Nestlé in 1988, it was the fourth largest confectionery manufacturer in the world. The Rowntree brand continues to be used to market Nestlé’s jelly sweet brands, such as Fruit Pastilles and Fruit Gums.
Known For: Producing famous chocolates and sweets like: Kit Kat, Smarties, Aero, Rolo, Fruit Pastilles and Fruit Gums
Yorkshire pudding is cooked by pouring a batter made from milk (or water), flour and eggs into preheated, oiled, baking pans, ramekins or muffin tins (in the case of miniature puddings). A basic formula uses 1⁄3 cup flour and 1⁄3 cup liquid per egg.
Known For: Being served as part of a traditional British Sunday roast
She was born in Ashington, and was 14 when she first learnt to row at Yarm School. She is a member of Tees Rowing Club, Stockton-on-Tees. As a teacher, she also runs an after school art club for autistic children in conjunction with the Three Wings Trust.
Known For: 2012 Olympic Gold Medalist
Gough was a right arm fast bowler and right-handed batsman. 1.80 m (5' 11") and broad in beam, he achieved his pace from a good approach to the wicket and a leaping sideways-on action, achieving what was often described as "skiddy" fast bowling. Capable of swinging the ball late, a large number of his wickets were gained through LBW or bowled, often with the 'in swinging yorker' delivery.
Known For: Cricket for Yorkshire CCC and England
In the London 2012 Olympics, he also participated in the Omnium, claiming a bronze medal. In total, Clancy is a four-time world champion (in 2005, 2007, 2008 and 2012) and triple European champion (in 2010, 2011 and 2014) in team pursuit; he has also won World (2010) and European (2011) titles at Omnium. On the road, he won the first stage of the 2005 Tour of Berlin.
Known For: 2012 Olympic Gold Medalist
He began his career with Barnsley, making his professional debut in the Championship in March 2012, before joining Everton for around £3 million in January 2013. Stones made his senior debut for England in 2014. Born in Barnsley, South Yorkshire, Stones came through the Barnsley youth academy to sign professional forms in December 2011. He made his professional debut in the Championship on 17 March 2012, in a 0–4 defeat to Reading at Oakwell, replacing Scott Wiseman after 52 minutes.
Stones signed a five-and-a-half-year deal with Everton on 31 January 2013, for a transfer fee reported to be in the region of £3 million.
Known For: Defender, Footballer
He was on the books of Bradford City as a youngster until he moved to Leeds United aged 11. Having played 45 games for Leeds at League One level and once in the Championship, he transferred to Premier League side Aston Villa in August 2009 for £6 million. In 2012, he returned to Leeds United for a short loan spell. Delph had a successful start to the 2012–13 Premier League season, leading Aston Villa manager Paul Lambert to call for his inclusion in the England squad.
Delph has represented his country at under-19 and under-21 level and made his senior debut in a friendly against Norway on 3 September 2014.
Known For: Footballing (Midfielder)
At age 16, Pryce captained the England schools side. Pryce came through the academy ranks at Bradford, after the club signed him from amateur side Queensbury in Bradford. Pryce played for Bradford Bulls on the wing in the 1999 Super League Grand Final which was lost to St Helens RLFC. He made his full debut for England against France in 1999, and has also represented his home county of Yorkshire.
Having won Super League VIII, Bradford played against 2003 NRL Premiers, the Penrith Panthers in the 2004 World Club Challenge. Pryce played at stand-off half back and scored a try in the Bulls' 22–4 victory.
Known For: Rugby (Utility Back)
Paul began his playing career in 1991 playing as a Prop for Leeds. He made two appearances for Great Britain under-21's between 1992 and 1993 while at Leeds. He spent the majority of his career at the Bradford Bulls, where he established himself as a Bradford and Great Britain stalwart. In 2005, Anderson moved to St. Helens. On 10 May 2006, the BBC announced that Paul Anderson would retire from playing in order to be an assistant coach with Huddersfield Giants beginning in the 2007 season. On 16 July 2012 Anderson was announced as the new Head Coach.
Known For: Rugby (Prop)
His brother, Jonathan Brownlee, is also a triathlon champion, placing third in the 2012 Olympics, winning the 2012 World Championship and the last World Sprint Triathlon Championship, in addition to accompanying his brother in their World and Commonwealth mixed team relay victories.
Known For: Triathlon World Champion and Olympic Gold Medallist
Since doing so Burgess has been selected to play for the NRL All Stars, named captain of the Rabbitohs and had his brothers Luke, Tom and George move over to play professionally in Australia as well. In 2014 Burgess won an NRL Premiership with the Rabbitohs before returning to England to play rugby union.
Burgess made his Super League début against Leeds in 2006 after already being dubbed by Shontayne Hape as "Great Britain's Sonny Bill". After a highly successful début season with the Bulls, Burgess was awarded the Senior Academy Player of the Year Award by the club. In 2007 Burgess has established himself as a first team regular. After a great full season he was called up for the Great Britain squad for the 2007 Test series with New Zealand, and was named as young player of the year in Super League.
Known For: Rugby (Second-Row/Prop)
Rose started his professional career at Leeds United in 2006, having progressed through the club's youth ranks, but left for current club Tottenham Hotspur in July 2007, having never played for Leeds. Having failed to break into the first team, he joined Watford on loan in March 2009, making seven appearances, and then joined Peterborough United on loan in September 2009. Having made six appearances for Peterborough, he returned to Tottenham, and made his debut for the latter club. Having still been unable to establish himself as a regular player, he joined Bristol City on loan in September 2010, and made 17 appearances. Although Rose became more involved in the Tottenham side during the 2011–12 season, making 20 appearances in all competitions, he spent the following season on loan to Sunderland, where he made 29 appearances.
Rose played for England at the under-17 and under-19 levels before making his under-21 debut in 2009. Since then, he has established himself in the side, having made 29 appearances to date. On 28 August 2014, Rose was named in the senior England squad for the first time, ahead of a friendly against Norway and a Euro 2016 qualifier against Switzerland in September.
Known For: Defender, Footballer
As a player in the 1970s and 1980s, he has been described as "arguably the first superstar English player to attract the modern media spotlight". He began his playing career at Scunthorpe United in 1968, before moving to Liverpool in 1971. At Liverpool, Keegan won three First Division titles, the UEFA Cup twice, the FA Cup and the European Cup. He also gained his first England cap in 1972, and moved to German club Hamburg in the summer of 1977. At Hamburg he was named European Footballer of the Year in 1978 and 1979, won the Bundesliga title in 1978–79, and reached the European Cup final in 1980.
He moved into management at Newcastle in 1992, winning promotion as First Division champions. Newcastle then finished second in the Premier League in 1995–96, after leading for most of the season.
Known For: Footballer for Liverpool, manager for Newcastle United, Fulham and Manchester City
He was noted for his ability to occupy the crease and became a key feature of England's Test batting line up for many years, although he was less successful in his limited One Day International (ODI) appearances. He accumulated large scores – he is the equal fifth highest accumulator of first-class centuries in history, eighth in career runs and the first English player to average over 100 in a season (1971 and 1979) – but often encountered friction with his team mates.
Known For: Cricket for Yorkshire CCC and England
Dunn is also notable as the only Yorkshireman ever to fight Ali, who knocked him out 2:05 minutes into the fifth round; this was to be the last knockout Ali ever achieved in his professional career. Although he was seriously overmatched, many British fans have said that Dunn made one of the most courageous showings of any British fighter when he faced Ali.
A sports centre is named after Dunn in his home town of Bradford in honour of his achievements. Richard Dunn is now retired and living in Scarborough.
Known For: Boxing
Stuart made his Bradford Bulls debut against his hometown club Halifax in May 1998. He played for them at front row forward in the 1999 Super League Grand Final which was lost to St Helens RLFC. Fielden made rapid progress alongside experienced props Joe Vagana, Brian McDermott and Paul Anderson and was named Super League's young player of the year in 2000.
In August 2007 he was named in Bradford's team of the Century.
Known For: Rugby (Prop/Second-Row)
Windass also had two spells at Bradford City, where he became the club's third-highest scorer of all time. He has also played for Aberdeen, Oxford United, Middlesbrough, Sheffield Wednesday, Sheffield United, and Oldham Athletic.
Known For: Footballing (Midfielder/Striker)
Lennon made his debut for England in 2006, and has been selected by England for two World Cups.
In 2001, Lennon became a member of the Leeds United Academy. Two years later he began his professional career at Leeds United, where he became the youngest player to appear in the Premier League at the age of 16 years and 129 days, coming off the bench at White Hart Lane against Tottenham Hotspur in a 2–1 loss in August 2003.
Known For: Footballing (Midfielder/Winger)
Milner's talent in football, cricket, and long-distance running was recognised at a very young age. He represented his school in these sports and played football for amateur teams from Rawdon and Horsforth. He supported Leeds United from a young age and was a season ticket holder at the club. In 1996, he joined the Leeds United youth academy. He made his debut for the first team in 2002, aged only 16, and gained prominence as the youngest player to score in the Premier League.
He made more than 100 appearances for Newcastle, as well as making a record number of appearances for the England under-21 team. He made his debut for the full team against the Netherlands in August 2009 and also played at the 2010 FIFA World Cup, UEFA Euro 2012, 2014 FIFA World Cup.
Known For: Footballing (Midfielder/Winger)
During his time with Bradford he won every honour available, with Grand Final, Challenge Cup and World Club Challenge honours to his credit with Peacock recognised as being one of the key ingredients of this success. Peacock earned himself a place in John Kear’s England side for the 2000 World Cup. He made four appearances in the World Cup that year, scoring an impressive six tries which including a hat trick against Fiji at Headingley. Peacock played for the Bradford Bulls at second-row forward in their 2001 Super League Grand Final victory against the Wigan Warriors.
Peacock was made captain of Great Britain for the 2005 and 2006 Gillette Tri-Nations tournaments due to injuries to Paul Sculthorpe. Leeds born Peacock joined the club he supported as a boy in 2006 from local rivals Bradford. He made his Leeds début against Huddersfield on the opening day of the season. Peacock was appointed Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) in the 2012 New Year Honours for services to rugby league. On 26 June 2012, Peacock announced his retirement from the international rugby league.
Known For: Rugby (Prop/Second-Row)
Brownlee won the bronze medal in the Olympic triathlon at the London 2012 Olympic Games. His brother, Alistair Brownlee, is also a triathlon champion, having won the gold medal at the 2012 Olympics.
Known For: 2012 Triathlon World Champion
In the 2012 Summer Olympics, Adams defeated Mary Kom from India in the Flyweight semi-final. She went on to defeat Chinese boxer and world number one Ren Cancan in the final to claim the first Olympic women's boxing Gold medal in history.
Known For: 2012 Olympic Gold Medalist
McCall started his professional career with Bradford City, where he made his senior debut in 1982. He played six seasons at Valley Parade, during which time he won the Division Three championship. After missing out on promotion in 1987–88, McCall moved to Everton F.C., for whom he scored twice but finished on the losing side in the 1989 FA Cup Final. In 1991, he moved to Rangers, with whom he spent seven seasons and won six league titles, three Scottish Cups and two Scottish League Cups.
Despite being born in Leeds, England, McCall qualified to play for Scotland through his Scottish father. He won 40 international caps and scored one goal in the 1990 FIFA World Cup in Italy. He also played in two European Championships but his international career ended after he was left out of the 1998 World Cup squad.
Known For: Footballing (Midfielder)
He scored 9,231 runs with a highest score of 104 and held 439 catches. He took 2,304 wickets with a best analysis of eight for 28. In 67 Test appearances, he scored 981 runs with a highest score of 39* and held 64 catches. He took a then world record 307 Test wickets with a best analysis of eight for 31.
Known For: Cricket for Yorkshire CCC and England
He was awarded an Honorary Fellowship of the University of Sunderland in 1999, and an Honorary Doctorate from the University of York in 2007.In 2011, Hinkes teamed up with UK tours operator Best of Britain Holidays to lead the 3 Peaks Challenge UK Tour. Hinkes presented awards with Gemma Merna at Kirkby Suite for the Duke of Edinburgh's Award Scheme in 2009
Known For: Mountaineering
Midway through the 2009–10 season, Dawson became the team captain of Tottenham Hotspur as Robbie Keane left for Celtic on loan in January. His form that season saw him included in England's preliminary World Cup squad. Although he initially failed to make the final 23-man squad, an injury to captain Rio Ferdinand saw him drafted in as replacement.
Dawson started his football career playing for his local team, Northallerton Junior Football Club, and also spent a year playing for Richmond before signing as a junior professional with Nottingham Forest at the age of 14. When Forest suffered relegation to the third tier for only the second time in their history he and one of his Forest team-mates, left-winger Andy Reid, signed for Tottenham Hotspur on 31 January 2005 from Forest for an undisclosed fee thought to be worth a combined £8m.
Known For: Footballing (Defender)
Burrow played for the Leeds Rhinos from the interchange bench in their 2004 Super League Grand Final victory against the Bradford Bulls. As Super League IX champions, the Rhinos faced 2004 NRL season premiers, the Bulldogs in the 2005 World Club Challenge. Burrow played from the interchange bench, scoring a try in Leeds' 39-32 victory.
In June 2007 he was called up to the Great Britain squad for the Test match against France. He was named as Leeds Rhinos Player of the Year for his performance throughout the 2007 season, and was named in the Super League Dream Team for the same year along with team mates Scott Donald, Jamie Peacock and Gareth Ellis.
Known For: Rugby (Halfback/Hooker)
He set a record in 1938 for the highest individual innings in a Test match in only his sixth Test appearance, scoring 364 runs against Australia, a milestone that stood for nearly 20 years (and remains an England Test record). In 1952, he became the first professional cricketer of the 20th Century to captain England in Tests; under his captaincy England won the Ashes the following year for the first time in 19 years. Following the war, he was the mainstay of England's batting, and the team depended greatly on his success.
Known For: Cricket for Yorkshire CCC and England
The peak of his career was during his period as Arsenal and England goalkeeper in the 1990s and early 2000s; during his time at Arsenal he won many medals including three league championships (1991, 1998, 2002), four FA Cups (1993, 1998, 2002, 2003), the League Cup in 1993 and the European Cup Winners Cup in 1994. During this time he also played in the 1998 and 2002 World Cups, and Euro 96 and Euro 2000, and is England's second-most capped goalkeeper with 75 caps, after Peter Shilton.
Known For: Footballing (Goalkeeper)
Webb is counted amongst the all-time top referees by the International Federation of Football History and Statistics and refereed a number of notable matches in England including the FA Cup final, the FA Community Shield and the final of the Football League Cup. In 2010, he became the first person to referee the finals of both the UEFA Champions League and FIFA World Cup in the same year.
Throughout his professional career, Webb drew praise for his authoritative and respected approach to refereeing from football bodies, pundits, colleagues, players, and managers. He announced his retirement in August 2014 to become the technical director of the Professional Game Match Officials Board.
Known For: Referee (Football)
He was named FWA Footballer of the Year in 1972, and was named FIFA Goalkeeper of the Year on six occasions.
He joined Chesterfield in March 1953, and played for the youth team in the 1956 FA Youth Cup final. He made his first team debut in November 1958, and was sold to Leicester City for £7,000 in July 1959. He played in four cup finals for the club, as they were beaten in the 1961 and 1963 FA Cup finals, before winning the League Cup in 1964 and finishing as finalists in 1965. During this time he established himself as England's number one goalkeeper, and played every game of the nation's 1966 World Cup victory. Despite this success, he was dropped by Leicester and sold on to Stoke City for £50,000 in April 1967. He made one of the game's great saves to prevent a Pelé goal in the 1970 World Cup, but was absent due to illness as England were beaten by West Germany at the quarter-final stage.
Known For: Goalkeeper, Footballer
Known For: 1989 World's Strongest Man
After being released by Sheffield Wednesday at the age of sixteen, Vardy began his senior career with Stocksbridge Park Steels, breaking into the first team in 2007 and spending three seasons before joining Northern Premier League side F.C. Halifax Town in 2010. Scoring 26 goals in his debut season, he won the club's "Player's Player of the Year" award, then moved to Conference Premier side Fleetwood Town in August 2011 for an undisclosed fee. He scored 31 league goals in his first season at his new team, winning the team's "Player of the Year" award as they won the division.
In May 2012, Vardy signed for Leicester City in the Football League Championship for a non-league record transfer fee of £1 million, and represented the club in the Premier League after winning the Championship in 2014. He scored in a record eleven consecutive Premier League matches in 2015, breaking Ruud van Nistelrooy's record, and made his international debut earlier in the same year.
Known For: Striker, Footballer
She is also the former European and world heptathlon champion and the former world indoor pentathlon champion. She is the current British national record holder for the heptathlon. She is a former British record holder in the 100 metres hurdles, the high jump and the indoor pentathlon.
Known For: 2012 Olympic Heptathlon Champion
Root followed in his father's footsteps by joining Sheffield Collegiate C.C. Former Yorkshire batsman and England captain, Michael Vaughan also learnt his trade at Collegiate and was a source of inspiration for Root who became a protégé of his. After success at second team level, Root was given an opportunity in the first team in Yorkshire's final Pro40 match of the season at Headingley, against Essex. Root scored 63 and was top-scorer in Yorkshire's 187–7. Although his half-century could not inspire Yorkshire to victory, Root described his debut as a "dream come true".
Root was selected for the Under 19 Cricket World Cup, in New Zealand, making an unbeaten 70 in a victory against Hong Kong as England progressed to the quarter finals before being eliminated by the West Indies. Later that Winter, he was sent to the Darren Lehmann Academy in Adelaide, South Australia, to fine tune his game.
Known For: Cricketing (Batsman)
Walker joined boyhood club Sheffield United at the age of seven and progressed through the ranks to become a regular fixture in the reserves by 2008. On 22 July 2009, Walker left Sheffield United to join Tottenham Hotspur along with fellow defender Kyle Naughton for a combined fee of £9m, but was loaned back to the Yorkshire club for the duration of the 2009–10 season as part of the deal. Whilst at Bramall Lane he was virtually ever present at right back for the first half of the season but was unexpectedly recalled back to Spurs on 1 February 2010, just before the close of the January 2010 transfer window, as cover for Alan Hutton who was loaned out to Sunderland earlier the same day. Walker made his debut for Tottenham on Saturday 27 March 2010, in a 2–0 victory over Portsmouth.
Known For: Defender, Footballer
McDermott joined Bradford Northern in 1994, where he stayed for 10 years. He played for Bradford at prop forward in their 1996 Challenge Cup Final loss to St Helens. McDermott won a cap for England while at Bradford Bulls in 2001 against Wales, and won caps for Great Britain while at Bradford in 1996 against Fiji, and in 1997 against Australia (SL) (3 matches). In the 1997 post season, McDermott was selected to play for Great Britain at prop forward in all three matches of the Super League Test series against Australia.
Known For: Rugby (Prop)
During the next six years, Tomlinson completed the London Marathon three times, the London Triathlon twice, the New York Marathon once and cycled across Europe and the United States. Jane Tomlinson died in 2007, aged 43.
Known For: Amateur athlete and fundraiser